The Art in Design
How the attributes of art can comply with the beauty of interior design
Interior Designer, Carla Oporta takes samples of interiors and select pieces of art to give examples on how art can influence any interior.
When you look at a piece of art, you analyze its movement, technique, and message. One can easily venture in many different directions in interpreting the artist’s vision. The same can occur with interior design. Much of what is seen in art can be implemented in different spaces. As a designer, the process to execute a design is a respondent art form, where analytical diagrams become the answers to the functionality of a space. But that of course is all in-house; that process is not really shown to the client, whereas the potential beauty of the space is. A designer’s job is to compartmentalize a space and make it functional to a client’s needs. Once all the pieces are put together, the result is a tangible art piece. True to that process and its results, a designer’s purpose can go in any direction, much like an art piece. Here we will discuss how the attributes of art can be implemented into an interior. These attributes can be used as tools to inspire great design.
1. Symmetry, Repetition, Pattern
Symmetry is an "operation" or "transformation" that maps the figure/object onto itself. It is an even distribution of weight enabling someone or something to remain upright and steady, a condition in which different elements are equal or in the correct proportions. Balance is what is clearly seen in these two pictures. If you cut the image to half and put a mirror to its side, you would get the exact same result in the reflection. In the top image, the windows allow for contagious symmetrical sequence. The room is perfectly equal on each side. In the bottom image, the graphic technique and pattern are exactly replicated on both sides of the image. You can see how the same attribute is being used on both art and design, but they are being used in a different style.
The detailed curvature on the chair is completely symmetrical on both sides and serves to add a contrasting pop of color and/or texture.
2. Colors, Especially Colors that Complement or Enhance Each Other
A color wheel is an excellent tool to utilize when searching for color patterns because of the multiple color concepts and designs it offers and is ideal when choosing to use two or more colors. The complementary color tool is a key function on the color wheel. An example is shown on this page. In the top images, the designer used two primary complementary colors, those of burnt orange and teal. The secondary color is white. The two colors teal and orange are a perfect combination of warm and cool colors and have a simultaneous contrast, where each color makes the other more vibrant. The same can be said for the artwork framed in black on the teal wall, where the background is a silent black and white with focal points highlighted in bright, complementary colors. The cool pool of turquoise with the shocking orange goldfish in the painting, is an option to bring the vibrant colors onto a perpendicular neutral wall in the same room, as a counter balance. Another color tool used in both art and design is the use of monochromatic color schemes. These are derived from a single base hue, and then extended to use its shades, tones, and tints. The image of the rasberries depict a monochromatic color palatte.
3. Textures, both Visual and Physical
Texture is the perceived surface quality of a work of art (like thick, impasto paint). It is an element of two-dimensional and three-dimensional design and is distinguished by its perceived visual and physical properties. Texture adds depth that stimulates the eye and is used to add three dimensions, which evoke emotion and a sense of touch. In the image of the bathroom, a simple design is enhanced by the textured wall. The color palette is natural and the bold texture changes the simplicity entirely.
ACCESSORIES WITH TEXTURE:
Texture can be used on any surface. Rug options can have texture that is tactile or in a unique pattern, both are great for simple interiors that need a little depth.
4. Crops and Compositions that Focus the Eye and Keep the Viewer’s Attention
A focal point can draw the attention to one subject or interest. Like an artist, a designer can focus on a particular section of a space and concentrate on making it different or stimulant. In the painting by James Clover, the artist is bringing your attention to the colorful fish; the background is done in black and white to heighten the vibrancy of the color in the fish. In the image of the office space, the bright green wall has done the same with the bold color & monochromatic background.
CROPS AND COMPOSITION WALLPAPER:
A focal point can easily be achieved by choosing a bold color on one wall, while the other walls stay white, or choose your favorite wallpaper or bold pattern to make the same statement and draw the eye to that one direction.
5. Movement or Flow to Guide Viewers through the Art
Some of the most unique spaces and pieces of art are the ones that have organic movement. Even though they are still and don’t physically move, they have a sense of rhythm. In these images, you experience movement that occurs naturally. The rhythm that is created makes the artwork and designs seem active. The same movement that is implemented in the photo below can be used in a design like that in the blue room. A large or significant element with an organic shape of a rhythmic pattern can create movement in any space.
This type of art can be sizable, or can be found on a smaller scale so that it can easily be incorporated inside any home. The image below is an example of dynamic art that creates an element of movement, yet does not need to occupy too much space.